Sunday, November 6, 2011

Interpol Red Corner Notices Meaning

Interpol Notices Meaning

An Interpol notice or international notice is issued by Interpol to share information between its members. There are seven types, six of which are known by their colour codes: Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, Black, Orange.

Red notice
Requests (provisional) arrest of wanted persons, with a view to extradition. An Interpol Red Notice is "the closest instrument to an international arrest warrant in use today."[3] (Interpol does not have the authority to issue arrest warrants in the formal sense of the word, as this is the domain of the sovereign member states.)
Yellow notice
Asks for help locating missing persons (usually minors) or identifying people who are unable to identify themselves.
Blue notice
Requests additional information about a person in relation to a crime
Black notice
Seeks information on unidentified bodies.
Green notice
To provide warnings and criminal intelligence about persons who have committed criminal offences and are likely to repeat these crimes in other countries
Orange notice
Warns police and other international organizations about potential threats from disguised weapons, parcel bombs, or other dangerous materials.
Purple notice
To provide information on modi operandi, procedures, objects, devices and hiding places used by criminals.


Interpol Notices

International notices are the main instruments of international police co-operation. These notices are usually published by the General Secretariat of the ICPO-Interpol at the request of a National Central Bureau. The General Secretariat may, however, publish blue or green notices on its own initiative. After publication these notices are circulated to all the NCBs. The purpose of these notices is to supply to the police services of member countries, through their NCBs, certain information about persons or objects.

A Series (Red) Notices

The 'A' series notices also known as 'Wanted notices' are published in respect of offenders wanted at international level. This type of notice invariably ask that the subject may be arrested, at least in certain countries, with a view to subsequent extradition to the country where he is wanted.

The publication of an 'A' series notice should only be requested if all the following conditions are fulfilled:

- The person against whom the notice is to be published has committed an offence against ordinary criminal law.

- The offence is an "extraditable offence" under the Indian Extradition Act, 1962.

- A warrant of arrest has been issued for his/her arrest.

- Extradition will be requested, at least from certain countries.

If any of the above conditions is not satisfied, a 'B' series notice should probably be requested.

If a person whether an Indian or a foreigner has committed an offence in India and is subsequently believed to have absconded to a foreign country, a request can be made by the concerned police authorities etc. to the Interpol Wing of the CBI for publication of an 'A' series (red) notice against that person provided all the conditions are satisfied. At the time of making such a request efforts should be made to furnish maximum information as mentioned under:

- Complete personal particular of the person wanted i.e. full name, date and place of birth, parentage, family status, name of spouse, occupation, nationality, complete passport details, aliases and nicknames, address(es), etc.

- Descriptive particulars i.e. height, colour of eyes, colour of hair, beard, forehead , nose, chin, ears, face (shape), distinguishing identification marks (tattoos, scars, amputations, etc.).

- Three copies of photograph and fingerprints. Since photograph and fingerprints cannot be reproduced satisfactorily unless they are of high quality, original photograph and fingerprints should be sent wherever possible. These can be returned on request.

- Languages spoken.

- Previous convictions, if any.

- A short account of the circumstances of the case in which he/she is wanted including full details of the charge(s).

- The name of the court that issued the warrant, date and number of the warrant of arrest.

- An assurance that extradition will be requested ( if arrested anywhere in the world or at least in certain countries).

- The names of the countries from which extradition will be requested.

If the wanted person is found and/or arrested in India or if the extradition has taken place, the Interpol Wing should be immediately informed so that the General Secretariat can be requested to publish a cancellation notice, if the person is no longer wanted by the judicial authorities.

Interpol (Red) Notice subjects wanted by India

No red notices in dowry cases: Interpol

The Interpol, CBI and Interpol officials, dual criminality, ThuJun 30 2011, 00:12 hrs New Delhi: Source: Indian Express

The Interpol has refused to entertain issuing of red notices in cases of dowry and cruelty to a woman by her husband or relatives.

The move comes days after the CBI and Interpol officials met to rectify the recent goof-ups in the ‘most-wanted list’.

The extradition from any country can only be sought with the help of a red notice and the Interpol has told the CBI that it will seek legal opinion on the matter. Sources in the CBI said that since the offence does not come under ‘dual criminality’ in most of the member countries, the Interpol has expressed an inability to issue a red notice.

“The officials of Interpol told us that they cannot detain or stop a person under this law as it is not recognised by any of the 188 member counties,” said a CBI official. For red notices to be issued, which is done for ‘most wanted’, the offence should be recognised (dual criminality) in the country from where the extradition is being sought.

CBI officials said that since the misuse of dowry law is rampant, the international body is exercising caution in issuing the red notices. The families tend to misuse the same by getting a red notice issued restricting movements of the person against whom it is issued. Recently, the CBI was approached by a family from the US against whom red notices were issued.

Said a senior officer, without naming the person against whom the notice was issued, “The family told us that they have entered into a settlement with the girl’s family after which the complaint has been withdrawn against them. Despite that his name was not deleted from the ‘wanted’ list.”

The agency said there has not been a single case of extradition under the dowry law. “We have found that in a number cases in which red notices were issued through Interpol, families had entered into settlement and withdrawn their complaints,” said an officer, adding that in such cases many a times the complainant or the family had not informed the police. “In some cases, the police, even after receiving intimations, did not forward the same to the CBI due to which the international notices were not withdrawn. Such a scenario can lead to embarrassment for a person who is travelling and is caught by authorities for no fault of his,” explained an official.


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